Lightweight, interpreted language.
Easily embedded with languages like HTML, CSS, and Java.
Also works as a client-side scripting language, which helps in creating dynamic web pages.
It could also develop applets which could run on websites. Due to all these features, Java became very popular language. Java was used for system programming and applet development but there was still a need for a scripting language for websites to enhance the user’s interactivity with the website. Netscape in collaboration with Sun Microsystems thought of developing a scripting language especially for Netscape to compete with Internet Explorer of Microsoft which was gaining popularity. In early 1995 Netscape contracted Brendan Eich to design a scripting language. It resulted in the birth of LiveScript. This Scripting language could easily be written directly inside HTML and could run on Netscape browser.